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Diabetes … what’s your type?

So you have diabetes… let’s not ‘sugar’ coat it. You’ve adjusted your sugar intake and you are changing your overall diet, but what about exercise? Yep these two go hand in hand, whether you are overweight (Type 2) or whether it was genetically passed on (Type 1).


In this day and age, Type 2 diabetes is most common, where our lives are made convenient with take-out meals and video games are more fun than socialising and kicking a ball outside. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to use insulin properly or when the body doesn’t make enough insulin, thus making it hard for your body to metabolise sugar. Type 1 diabetes is usually genetic and occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin.


So how do we fix this problem? Ok yes Type 1 diabetes cannot be cured whereas Type 2 can be prevented and managed completely. Although both Types are very different, they can both be approached the same way with healthy eating, lifestyle changes and most importantly physical activity.


Performing exercise sounds easy enough, however there are a few restrictions. This is when our biokinetics qualifications intervene. Diabetes is a chronic condition and so with it comes a couple considerations to take into account when combining exercise, namely:

  • Hypoglycaemia: sudden drops in blood sugar when physically exerted with symptoms such as shakiness, weakness, sweating, anxiety and visual disturbances

  • Hyperglycaemia: mostly a Type 1 concern, symptoms may include fatigue and increased thirst

  • Blood glucose monitoring: nedds to be done before, after and during your physical activity

  • Timing: Exercise isn’t recommended during periods of high insulin action as hypoglycaemia may result. Exercise in the morning and evening is dependable on the individual

  • Insulin injecting: avoid injecting into exercising limbs

  • Supervision: is important and necessary to reduce risks

  • Associated retinopathy: high intensity exercise can result in haemorrhaging and retinal detachment

  • Thermoregulation: the body’s ability to regulate temperature is skewed

  • Overweight: exercises need to be adjusted as to remove increased pressure on vulnerable joints



With all of these taken into consideration, we have developed specific programs to improve your current diabetic condition, aimed to regulate your sugar levels, manage your weight and decrease your associated symptoms.

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